When Banks Fail: Lessons Learned from the Collapse of Silicon Valley Bank
It’s a chilling thought: the very institutions we trust to keep our money safe can fail. The recent collapse of Silicon Valley Bank, Signature Bank, and Credit Suisse serves as a stark reminder of this reality. As a tech investor and entrepreneur, I’m no stranger to risk, but when it comes to the stability of our financial system, the stakes are much higher. Let’s dive into the factors that can lead to a bank’s failure and the implications it has on the US economy.
The Three Main Risk Factors
- Credit risk: When banks make loans, they’re exposed to defaults on those loans.
- Interest rate risk: Banks must match the interest rate profile of assets and liabilities to minimize risk.
- Liquidity risk: Banks must have enough money to meet short-term financial obligations.
Bank failures become a possibility when these risk factors impact either the bank’s liquidity or solvency.
Solvency refers to a bank’s ability to meet its long-term financial obligations and debt. In terms of solvency, bank failures generally occur when a significant number of loans go bad.
Liquidity refers to how much money banks have to meet their short-term financial obligations. Liquidity crises occur when banks have more demand for immediate money than they have assets they can liquidate.
The Role of FDIC
When a bank fails, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) steps in to protect depositors and improve trust in the American banking system. FDIC either sells the failed bank to another healthy bank or takes a more involved approach, such as creating a bridge bank to liquidate the failed institution.
FDIC-insured banks cover depositors up to $250,000 per depositor per bank for each account ownership category. However, not all banks are FDIC insured.
The Dangers of Deregulation
The rollback of Dodd-Frank regulations has been blamed for the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank. Deregulation is not the answer, as history has shown that removing protective measures only leads to more failures.
While panic is never the right reaction following a bank’s collapse, there are always lessons to be learned from it:
- The US banking system is generally safe and sound.
- For individuals, it’s wise to review the financial health of your bank and spread out your money if you have more than the insured amount.
Let’s learn from the past and work towards a more stable and secure financial future.